E-ISSN 2367-699X | ISSN 2367-7414
 

Original Article 


THE ROLE OF TRANSANAL ENDOSCOPIC MICROSURGERY IN THE TREATMENT OF T1N0 RECTAL CANCER – CASE SERIES AND REVIEW OF THE LITERATURE

Ventsislav Mutafchiyski, Georgi Popivanov, Emilia Naseva, Kyosev Vasil, Kirien Kjossev, Plamen Ivanov, Grigor Grigorov, Georgi Kotashev, Krasimir Vasilev, Marin Penkov.

Abstract
Background:
Currently, there has been an increasing trend toward transanal endoscopic microsurgery as a definitive treatment of T1 rectal cancer. Despite the promising results from the earlier series, the more recent studies reported a higher rate of local recurrences.
Methods:
A retrospective analysis of 20 patients with T1 rectal cancer managed by transanal endoscopic microsurgery is presented.
Results:
The patients were followed-up for mean 39.3 months. Local recurrences occurred in 5.3% of low-risk, 50% of high-risk T1 cases. The 3-year and 5-year cancer-specific survival in T1 group were 94.4% and 73.5%, respectively with mean time without LR was 81.5 months (90.5 months in the low-risk and 21 months in the high-risk group).
Conclusion:
The results corroborate the excellent prognosis for low-risk T1 cancers treated by TEM alone. For a high-risk T1 cancer adjuvant radiotherapy or conventional resection is highly recommended.

Key words: early rectal cancer, transanal endoscopic microsurgery, risk factors, adjuvant radiotherapy


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Ventsislav Mutafchiyski, Georgi Popivanov, Emilia Naseva, Kyosev Vasil, Kirien Kjossev, Plamen Ivanov, Grigor Grigorov, Georgi Kotashev, Krasimir Vasilev, Marin Penkov. THE ROLE OF TRANSANAL ENDOSCOPIC MICROSURGERY IN THE TREATMENT OF T1N0 RECTAL CANCER – CASE SERIES AND REVIEW OF THE LITERATURE. Int J Surg Med. 2016; 2(2): 50-54. doi:10.5455/ijsm.microsurgery


Web Style

Ventsislav Mutafchiyski, Georgi Popivanov, Emilia Naseva, Kyosev Vasil, Kirien Kjossev, Plamen Ivanov, Grigor Grigorov, Georgi Kotashev, Krasimir Vasilev, Marin Penkov. THE ROLE OF TRANSANAL ENDOSCOPIC MICROSURGERY IN THE TREATMENT OF T1N0 RECTAL CANCER – CASE SERIES AND REVIEW OF THE LITERATURE. https://www.ejos.org/?mno=219235 [Access: January 11, 2023]. doi:10.5455/ijsm.microsurgery


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Ventsislav Mutafchiyski, Georgi Popivanov, Emilia Naseva, Kyosev Vasil, Kirien Kjossev, Plamen Ivanov, Grigor Grigorov, Georgi Kotashev, Krasimir Vasilev, Marin Penkov. THE ROLE OF TRANSANAL ENDOSCOPIC MICROSURGERY IN THE TREATMENT OF T1N0 RECTAL CANCER – CASE SERIES AND REVIEW OF THE LITERATURE. Int J Surg Med. 2016; 2(2): 50-54. doi:10.5455/ijsm.microsurgery



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Ventsislav Mutafchiyski, Georgi Popivanov, Emilia Naseva, Kyosev Vasil, Kirien Kjossev, Plamen Ivanov, Grigor Grigorov, Georgi Kotashev, Krasimir Vasilev, Marin Penkov. THE ROLE OF TRANSANAL ENDOSCOPIC MICROSURGERY IN THE TREATMENT OF T1N0 RECTAL CANCER – CASE SERIES AND REVIEW OF THE LITERATURE. Int J Surg Med. (2016), [cited January 11, 2023]; 2(2): 50-54. doi:10.5455/ijsm.microsurgery



Harvard Style

Ventsislav Mutafchiyski, Georgi Popivanov, Emilia Naseva, Kyosev Vasil, Kirien Kjossev, Plamen Ivanov, Grigor Grigorov, Georgi Kotashev, Krasimir Vasilev, Marin Penkov (2016) THE ROLE OF TRANSANAL ENDOSCOPIC MICROSURGERY IN THE TREATMENT OF T1N0 RECTAL CANCER – CASE SERIES AND REVIEW OF THE LITERATURE. Int J Surg Med, 2 (2), 50-54. doi:10.5455/ijsm.microsurgery



Turabian Style

Ventsislav Mutafchiyski, Georgi Popivanov, Emilia Naseva, Kyosev Vasil, Kirien Kjossev, Plamen Ivanov, Grigor Grigorov, Georgi Kotashev, Krasimir Vasilev, Marin Penkov. 2016. THE ROLE OF TRANSANAL ENDOSCOPIC MICROSURGERY IN THE TREATMENT OF T1N0 RECTAL CANCER – CASE SERIES AND REVIEW OF THE LITERATURE. International Journal of Surgery and Medicine, 2 (2), 50-54. doi:10.5455/ijsm.microsurgery



Chicago Style

Ventsislav Mutafchiyski, Georgi Popivanov, Emilia Naseva, Kyosev Vasil, Kirien Kjossev, Plamen Ivanov, Grigor Grigorov, Georgi Kotashev, Krasimir Vasilev, Marin Penkov. "THE ROLE OF TRANSANAL ENDOSCOPIC MICROSURGERY IN THE TREATMENT OF T1N0 RECTAL CANCER – CASE SERIES AND REVIEW OF THE LITERATURE." International Journal of Surgery and Medicine 2 (2016), 50-54. doi:10.5455/ijsm.microsurgery



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Ventsislav Mutafchiyski, Georgi Popivanov, Emilia Naseva, Kyosev Vasil, Kirien Kjossev, Plamen Ivanov, Grigor Grigorov, Georgi Kotashev, Krasimir Vasilev, Marin Penkov. "THE ROLE OF TRANSANAL ENDOSCOPIC MICROSURGERY IN THE TREATMENT OF T1N0 RECTAL CANCER – CASE SERIES AND REVIEW OF THE LITERATURE." International Journal of Surgery and Medicine 2.2 (2016), 50-54. Print. doi:10.5455/ijsm.microsurgery



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Ventsislav Mutafchiyski, Georgi Popivanov, Emilia Naseva, Kyosev Vasil, Kirien Kjossev, Plamen Ivanov, Grigor Grigorov, Georgi Kotashev, Krasimir Vasilev, Marin Penkov (2016) THE ROLE OF TRANSANAL ENDOSCOPIC MICROSURGERY IN THE TREATMENT OF T1N0 RECTAL CANCER – CASE SERIES AND REVIEW OF THE LITERATURE. International Journal of Surgery and Medicine, 2 (2), 50-54. doi:10.5455/ijsm.microsurgery